There are a number of basic steps to follow when you sand a floor. Parquet flooring generally requires special sanding equipment, as it is more delicate, but most hardwood flooring can be sanded down to create a beautiful surface and make the home feel fresh and clean. Carpets are perfect dust traps, but with a sanded floor any dirt is obvious and easily removed. Asthma sufferers, in particular, will notice the difference when they replace even the cleanest-looking carpets with the beautiful wood that often lies hidden beneath.
The first task is to replace or hammer-in any nails that protrude above the surface of the wood, as they will damage the sandpaper that lines the rollers of the industrial sanders that will be used. Next, sand away any small bumps by hand, before setting to work with an upright sanding machine. These machines are fitted with a fail-safe braking system and pull strongly, so be prepared for some serious exercise. Roll the sander back and forth across the width or length of the floor using a slow and steady action. Wear a dust mask to protect yourself from the any fine wood dust that may be emitted.
Once the main area of the floor has been sanded, use a smaller sander, with two handles, to get into the corners that the upright cannot reach and finish off with a hand-held sander. Wood floor sanding can be hard work, but the end result will be worth it.